Two Hundred Forgotten U. S. Phonograph Patents (1878-1912)

Here for your browsing pleasure is a descriptive list of over two hundred phonograph-related patents issued in the United States between 1878 and 1912.  Even if you’re pretty well up on this sort of thing, you probably haven’t seen most of these particular patents before.

The standard reference work on phonograph patents for these years is, of course, Allen Koenigsberg’s classic Patent History of the Phonograph, ideally in the expanded 1991 edition (with 2,144 patents, compared to 2,118 in the first edition).  But there are two important patent search tools available now that didn’t exist back when the research for that book was being done: the USPTO Patent Full-Text and Image Database, which allows searching by classification, and Google Patents, which allows keyword searching.  Five years ago, I used these resources to assemble an online directory of 2,211 phonograph-related patents issued in the United States between 1913 and 1919, the years immediately following those covered by Koenigsberg’s Patent History.  At the same time, I also gathered information on patents issued between 1878 and 1912, in part so that I could compare my results with Koenigsberg’s as a test of how reliable my search methods were.  My own search failed to turn up roughly 5% of the patents in his list, sometimes because they weren’t “phonographic” enough to fit my criteria, but sometimes because relevant patents had eluded my keyword and classification searches fair and square.  On the other hand, roughly 10% of the patents I found weren’t on his list, in many cases because the references to phonography were buried deep in the text of seemingly irrelevant patents where they would have been virtually impossible to find back in the 1980s.

The 208 patents listed below are all the “strays” from 1878-1912 which I didn’t find listed in Koenigsberg’s book.  A few of them have been mentioned in other secondary sources, but I believe the majority will be new even to seasoned phonograph historians.  What you find interesting here will depend on what sorts of thing you find interesting in general, but if I can steer you towards some personal favorites, please be sure not to miss 1,016,218 (a combination of gramophone and butter churn), 769,473 and 999,975 (“phone typewriters” for converting speech automatically into legible typewritten documents), and 641,979 (a “surgical device” through which an erection would automatically start a phonograph playing and thereby wake the patient in time to avert “nocturnal seminal emissions”).  Links will take you straight to Google’s PDF facsimiles of the patents.  Enjoy!

203,423: Poul La Cour, of Copenhagen, Denmark, “Improvement in Isochronous and Synchronous Movements for Telegraphic and Other Lines,” filed Apr. 9, 1878, granted May 7, 1878. “This invention relates to isochronous and synchronous movements operated by electricity, by the aid of which mechanical movements, such as common clocks, chronographs, printing or recording telegraphs, phonographs, &c., may be regulated and controlled so as to have an absolutely isochronous or synchronous motion,” using the vibrations of a magnetized reed or tuning fork to control the rotation of a toothed wheel.

210,929: Rudolf Eickemeyer, of Yonkers, New York, “Improvement in Diaphragms for Telephones and Phonographs,” filed Aug. 13, 1878, granted Dec. 17, 1878. Centers on the use of a diaphragm “graduated in its vibrating capacities,” with different parts “tuned” to different frequencies by variable thickness or tightening.  This supposedly enables it to “respond equally well to all tones within its range…so that the sounds transmitted or received by it shall more closely resemble the original sounds and possess a quality or timbre closely approximating to that of the human voice…. In a phonograph, when the vibrations are recorded by the pin which is in contact with a part of the diaphragm, and the vibrations of that part are reproduced by the passage of the foil under the pin, there will occur a vibration of those parts of the diaphragm which are in unison with the overtones of the tone or tones actually reproduced, and thus complete the harmony; or the different vibrations of different portions of the diaphragm may be separately recorded by separate pins, and the vibrations thereby reproduced are as above stated, but the sound is increased in volume.”

232,862: Thomas A. Watson, of Everett, Massachusetts, “Vibrating Surface for Sound-Transmission,” filed Apr. 12, 1880, granted Oct. 5, 1880. Vibrations of a membrane are amplified by being conveyed to a pressurized fluid or gas. “It is obvious that this invention may be applied to any apparatus in which the sound-vibrations of the air are to set a plate or diaphragm in vibration—as, for example, in a phonograph.”

335,522: James Houlehan, of Toledo, Ohio, Assignor of One-Half to William A. Bunton, of Boston, Massachusetts, and Seven-Sixteenths to J. S. Barker and E. E. Dwight, of Toledo, Ohio, “Telephony,” filed May 27, 1885, granted Feb. 2, 1886. “My invention relates to telephones; and consists in specially combining a telephone with a phonograph, whereby the oral communications over a telephone-line may be automatically recorded.”  Uses a tinfoil phonograph.

patent-us335522431,049: James F. Goodridge, of Boston, Massachusetts, “Coin-Operated Picture-Exhibitor,” filed July 16, 1889, granted July 1, 1890. “[T]he invention consists, primarily, in combining a phonograph with the exhibitor so controlled as to repeat proper words or sentences during the exhibiting of any particular picture or series of pictures.”

434,286: Kendall James Minot, of Galveston, Texas, “Combined Easel and Phonograph-Horn Tripod,” filed May 6, 1890, granted Aug. 12, 1890. “The object of my invention is to construct a device which may be used for holding phonograph-horns of different sizes at any desired height, and which also may be employed for holding a painting, or for the use of an artist.”

435,055: Henry C. Demming, of Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, “Combined Mouth and Nose Piece for Acoustical Instruments,” filed Aug. 6, 1889, granted Aug. 26, 1890. Described as a “new and useful Improvement in the Mouth-Piece for use in Connection with the Phonograph, Graphophone, Phonograph-Graphophone, or other Talking-Machine.”  Recording horn with two separate compartments, one for the nose, one for the mouth, the goal being to “secure a pure or natural tone, in which the nose acts or performs consonant with the other vocal organs.”

patent-us435055441,661: William Dean Hawley, of Syracuse, New York, “Time-Measuring Device,” executed Feb. 6, 1890, filed Feb. 8, 1890, granted Dec. 2, 1890. One proposed use was “as a motor to drive a phonograph”: “Fig. 4 is a side elevation of my apparatus set up as a motor or for actuating the rotation of the cylinder of a phonograph.”

454,504: Alfred D. Sundeen, Swan B. Molander, and Gustaf W. Anderson, of Mora, and Andrew M. Carlsen, of St. Paul, Minnesota, “Signal Attachment for Telephones,” filed June 23, 1890, granted June 23, 1891. “Our invention relates to attachments for telephones, and has for its objects to enable the telephone in the absence of an operator or attendant to return to parties ringing up the telephone a verbal answer stating at what time the absent operator will return, and to give any other information that the operator wishes to give through the telephone during his absence.”  The phonograph was set up only to deliver an outgoing message, and not to record incoming messages, but the machine would keep track of the number of times it was actuated, such that “by mutual agreement between users of telephones the number of times the telephone is rung up may constitute a signal showing the importance of the call that has been made at the telephone.”  So you’d know how important the message was, but not what it was.

459,065: Edmund Edwards, of London, England, “Coin-Feed Apparatus for Exhibiting Optical Illusions,” filed May 12, 1891, patented in England Mar. 20, 1890, No. 4391; in France Jan. 6, 1891, No. 210,622; in Belgium Feb. 20, 1891, No. 93,843; granted Sept. 8, 1891. Described as depicting a moving skeleton. “A phonograph may be arranged in or in connection with the box, actuated by clock-work and set in motion by the release of a detent moved by the weight of the coin, so that the spectral figure may appear to utter any words or sounds.”

481,824: Edward F. Roberts, of Rochester, New York, Assignor, by Direct and Mesne Assignments, to the Roberts Manufacturing Company, of Ohio, “Cash Register and Indicator,” filed July 16, 1889, granted Aug. 30, 1892. “This invention is an improved cash register, indicator, and annunciator; and its object is to provide a machine which will indicate the amount of each sale by visual signs, register the total of all the sales, and enunciate each sale by means of a coacting phonograph controlled directly or indirectly by the means employed for operating the registering and indicating mechanism and which can be utilized to vocalize the character or kind of sale, as ‘cash,’ ‘credit,’ &c., or to attract the attention of the customer on the operation of the register by announcing ‘Take your change,’ ‘Have you purchased ‘Sapolio,’” &c., the phonograph being adapted to enunciate any word or sentence desired for advertising or other purposes, so as to direct the attention of the customer to some specialty, thus making the phonograph a very valuable adjunct to and part of the register.”

485,859: William Bruening, of East Orange, New Jersey, “Telephony,” filed Aug. 1, 1891, granted Nov. 8, 1892. “My invention relates to an apparatus for transmitting sonorous vibrations to or from a telephone, a phonograph, or other acoustic instrument… and it consists in balancing three or more movable inflexible surfaces or dashers in contact with a confined fluid.”

492,483: Edward J. Hall, of Morris, and Frank A. Pickernell, of Newark, New Jersey, Assignors to the American Telephone and Telegraph Company, of New York, “Busy-Signal for Telephone-Circuits,” executed Sept. 23, 1892, filed Oct. 13, 1892, granted Feb. 28, 1893. “The said transmitter is preferably a transmitting telephone connected directly or inductively in such continuation circuit, and mounted in intimate association with a constantly operating phonograph which repeats any predetermined word or phrase into the transmitter mouthpiece, and such word or phrase being reproduced by the telephone receiver at the distant terminal station imparts any necessary information to the listening operator or attendant there. Instead however of a transmitter and phonograph, an electrotome or other intermittent or vibratory circuit breaker such as an ordinary buzzer may be employed, in which event of course the signal received by the said attendant at the terminal station in his telephone or upon his bell will be a peculiar buzz, hum, ring, or rattle, constituting an arbitrary signal, having an understood meaning.”

499,785: Emory Jacob Godman, of Baltimore, Maryland, Assignor to the Vibrometer Company, of Same Place, “Apparatus for Treating Diseases,” filed June 13, 1892, granted June 20, 1893. For exposing diseased parts to “a series of pulsations or blows continued for a greater or less length of time and of a uniform character” by means of a cylinder phonograph.  Illustrated in connection with the ear, but the text refers to a “massaging action” possibly applicable to other body parts as well.

patent-us499785501,405: Norval L. Burchell and Burnet L. Nevius, Jr., of Washington, District of Columbia, “Support for Telephonic Receivers,” filed Nov. 3, 1892, granted July 11, 1893. “It should be noted…that our invention is applicable to the receivers of phonetic apparatus of other kinds than telephones, as, for example, to the ear-phones, or receivers, of a phonograph, or graphophone, or to any form of phonetic apparatus in which a receiver is used.”

517,763: Stewart D. McKelvey, of Canton, Ohio, Assignor of one-Third to Joseph A. Linville, of Same Place, “Magneto-Telephone,” filed Sept. 13, 1893, granted Apr. 3, 1894. “My invention relates to receivers for electric telephones, speaking telegraphs, phonautographic apparatus, and other purposes.”

523,536: George A. Leech, of New York, N. Y, “Apparatus for Deaf-Mute Instruction,” executed Aug. 17, 1893, filed Aug. 19, 1893, granted July 24, 1894. “My invention relates to the apparatus used in instructing deaf-mutes in vocalization, and known as the aural tubes, and it has for its object to add to said apparatus means by which the sounds may be further intensified to the pupil’s ear, by communicating with the middle ear through the bony structure as well as by the external meatus.  It further relates to the use of said improved apparatus in connection with my improved phonograph whereby instruction may be given to several patients at once.”

527,218: Adrian Spear Rutherford, of New York, N. Y, “Metallic-Covered Wax for Dental or Other Purposes,” executed July 27, 1891, filed July 30, 1891, granted Oct. 9, 1894.  Invention comprises “a layer of wax permanently provided with a coating of metallic foil.”  “My product may also be made use of for the cylinders of phonographs with obvious advantage.”

527,219: Adrian Spear Rutherford, of New York, N. Y., “Wax Product for Dental or Other Purposes,” executed July 27, 1891, filed July 30 1891, granted Oct. 9, 1894.  Consists of “a wax product composed of two or more layers of wax of different degrees of hardness and toughness united together to form a sheet or layer of wax of the same thickness as a single sheet of ordinary sheet wax of commerce….  I lay no claim to a phonogram-blank composed of a tube of fibrous material, a layer of paraffine or the like on said tube, and an outer layer of wax-like material forming the record-receiving surface, as my invention differs therefrom as set out in the following claims.”  The implication, I take it, is that he did lay claim to a phonogram-blank made of his double-layer wax product (compare his patent 527,218 above), although he doesn’t state this explicitly.

534,670: Charles A. Rolfe, of Chicago, Illinois, “Telegraph and Telephone System,” filed Sept. 16, 1893, granted Feb. 26, 1895. “It is…understood that while my invention is particularly applicable to police telegraph signal systems, I can apply it to other analogous systems, and that in place of telephones, I may use writing machines or phonographs.”

535,806: Franz Nissl, of Vienna, Austria-Hungary, “Automatic Central Telephone-Switch Apparatus,” filed Feb. 17, 1894, patented in Belgium Oct. 17, 1893, No. 106,776, granted Mar. 12, 1895. “With a larger number of subscribers in each group the arrangement may be such that with the commutator disk or roller there is combined a phonograph (Figs. 7 and 8). The respective contact point will then be indicated by a certain sound or word, or simplest, by the calling of the number, which particularly facilitates the working at the central station. As it is here only a question of a few regularly recurring sounds, such phonograms could be easily produced.”

566,643: Nicholas Xenos, of New York, N. Y, “Kenotiphone or Katoptrikum,” filed Jan. 28, 1896, granted Aug. 25, 1896.  Picture exhibitor.  “In connection with my apparatus I contemplate using a phonograph, and to this end I arrange on the base B a tube N, with suitable branches N’ for the connection therewith of the desired instrument and to the ears of the user.”

567,694: William P. Smith, of Albany, New York, “Process of Producing and Coating Patterns,” filed Apr. 28, 1895, granted Sept. 15, 1896. “My invention relates to a process of producing a pattern and coating it, for instance, coating a non-conducting substance, such as hard rubber or vulcanite, by depositing upon the surface thereof metallic nickel, for the reproduction of half-tones, woodcuts, engravings, or sound-records.”

579,790: Casper L. Cohn, of Boston, and Morris Martin, of Malden, Massachusetts; said Martin Assignor to said Cohn, “Mouthpiece for Telephones,” executed Dec. 7, 1896, filed Dec. 11, 1896, granted Mar. 30, 1897. “This invention relates to mouthpieces for telephones, phonographs, speaking-tubes, &c., and has for its object to provide an article of this class which shall be adapted to readily receive and retain an antiseptic liquid and present the same at the interior of the mouthpiece, so that its evaporation will prevent the accumulation of disease-germs in the mouthpiece.”

581,651: George W. Brown, of Colorado Springs, Colorado, “Picture-Exhibitor,” filed Feb. 1, 1896, granted Apr. 27, 1897. To be “adapted for use in connection with a phonograph instrument or the like in such a way that the parts whereon the pictures are mounted may be moved so as to cause the pictures to pass successively across a sight-opening by the movement of the motor of the phonograph.”

584,737: Cornelius C. Gould, of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Assignor of Three-Fourths to Uriah G. Fox, Lot P. Evans, and Lot P. Evans, Trustee, of Same Place, “Telephone,” filed Feb. 9, 1897, granted June 15, 1897. “My invention consists in the employment of a plurality of transmitters having conductors, conduits, or other connections leading directly thereto from a single mouthpiece, whereby said transmitters are operated simultaneously by said sound-waves…. The device is to be applied more particularly in the use of telephones, phonographs, gramophones, and other electric apparatus generally constructed for the purpose of conveying sounds by electricity.”

593,919: Jerry L. Blodgett, of Los Angeles, California, “Electrical Switchboard for Coin-Operated Machines,” filed July 20, 1897, granted Nov. 16, 1897. “This invention is designed for use on coin-operated machines for delivering articles or giving service to persons depositing coins therein, and is applicable for telephones, phonographs, kinetoscopes, and vending-machines of various kinds. The object of this invention is to provide an automatic absolutely accurate device for supplying to the depositor of the coin the article or service for which the coin is deposited and to prevent any fraudulent manipulation of the machine.”

602,422: Birney C. Batcheller, of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, “Apparatus for Locating Obstructions in Tubes,” filed Sept. 28, 1897, granted Apr. 19, 1898. Uses a visual oscillographic sound recording device to determine length of time between an original sound, generated by a tuning fork, and its echo in a tube, showing where the tube is blocked.

patent-us602422612,656: Paul E. Berger, of Chicago, Illinois, “Coin-Controlled Vending Machine,” filed Feb. 3, 1898, granted Oct. 18, 1898. “My invention relates to that class of machines known as ‘coin-controlled’ machines, and is designed as a protector of such machines against the introduction of spurious coin, slugs, brass or lead checks, or any other article than the original or genuine coin being played into the machines, such as vending-machines of all kinds for the automatic sale of merchandise, for phonographs, kinetoscopes, telephones, or any other coin-controlled machines too numerous to mention.”

D:30,473: Alexandre Leforestier, of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, “Design for a Horn,” executed Dec. 13, 1898, filed Dec. 19, 1898, granted Apr. 4, 1899. “My invention relates to a new and original design for a sound-amplifying horn to be attached to the diaphragm-case of a sound-reproducing machine.”

patent-usd30473630,345: George C. Hale, of Kansas City, Missouri, “Automatic Fire-Alarm System,” filed Dec. 3, 1898, granted Aug. 8, 1899. Uses phonograph and telephone. “My present invention relates to improvements in automatic fire-alarm apparatus, the object of the invention being to provide means whereby the breaking out of a fire will act to cause the transmission of an audible signal, giving, in tones of the human voice, the exact location of the fire both to parties in the vicinity and, through the medium of a telephone system, to parties at distant points who may be in communication with the fire department.”

632,465: Louis R. King, of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, “Spring-Motor,” executed Jan. 21, 1898, filed Feb. 3, 1898, granted Sept. 5, 1899. “My invention relates to certain improvements in spring-motors, and has for its object to provide an improved form of motor of simple construction adapted more especially for the operation of gramophones or other like apparatus of similar character.”

636,258: Herman Hahn, of San Francisco, California, Assignor to Charles S. Girvan, of Oakland, California, “Coin-Controlled Mechanism,” executed July 26, 1899, filed Aug. 4, 1899, granted Nov. 7, 1899. Described and illustrated as applied to a gramophone.

637,904: Alfred James Swaab and Rodolphe de Lamprecht, of London, England, “Exhibition and Musical Apparatus,” executed May 1, 1899, filed June 5, 1899, granted Nov. 28, 1899. “A phonograph or other suitable instrument is provided and so arranged as to give the required information or produce the required music, according to the pictures which are exposed.”

638,246: Hosea E. Husted and William S. Jones, of Jeannette, Pennsylvania, “Diaphragm,” filed Oct. 26, 1898, granted Dec. 5, 1899. “The invention has for its object to construct a diaphragm adapted for use in telephones, gramophones, graphophones, phonographs, or in like devices employing a diaphragm for the production or reproduction of sound.”  Consists of a metal disc made of one metal with a coating of some other metal layered onto one or both sides while in molten form.

641,979: Joseph Lees, of Summit Hill, Pennsylvania, “Surgical Device,” filed Dec. 31, 1898, granted Jan. 23, 1900. Designed to awaken a person in response to an erection to avoid “nocturnal seminal emissions” by sounding an alarm: “The nerves of persons having need of a device of the character described are usually weak and are more or less injuriously affected by sudden, sharp, loud, and especially unexpected sounds. Therefore it is desirable to awaken the sleeper by gentle means, so as not to startle him, and this may be attained by strains of music or other pleasing medium.” Hence it uses a phonograph, though a bell can also be used.

643,801: Morris Martin, of Boston, Massachusetts, Assignor to the Hygienic Company, of Same Place, “Antiseptic Mouthpiece,” filed June 2, 1899, granted Feb. 20, 1900. “This invention relates chiefly to mouthpieces for telephones, phonographs, speaking-tubes, &c., and has for its object to provide an article of this class which shall present a durable and efficient antiseptic sound-conducting wall or passage adapted to destroy disease-germs and of a hard and rigid material capable of being wipes or washed and free from receptacles for the lodgment of such germs.”

644,389: Joseph L. Wilson, of Los Angeles, California, Assignor to the Syphonion Manufacturing Company, of New York, N. Y, “Coin-Operated Mechanism,” filed May 1, 1899, granted Feb. 27, 1900. “The object of my invention is to provide simple and effective means for automatically starting and stopping mechanisms for operating coin-actuated public-serving machines, such as music-boxes, phonographs, kinetoscopes, and the like.”

647,767: Leonard G. Spencer, of New York, N. Y., “Picture Apparatus,” executed Dec. 19, 1899, filed Jan. 12, 1900, granted Apr. 17, 1900. “My invention relates to a device for presenting a picture or a series of pictures to view, and I may combine with it at the same time a device for producing certain sounds, such as a tune or conversation. Whether a tune or conversation is to be illustrated by the presentation of a picture or a series of pictures, it is usually desirable, particularly in the latter case, that the pictures illustrating the conversation should be exposed for varying lengths of time, as the parts of the conversation, which are illustrated by the different pictures, will be of varying lengths.” Uses “a suitable sound-producing machine, such as a phonograph or music-box.”

652,641: Jeremiah J. Reardon and John Potterton, of Lynn, Massachusetts, “Advertising Apparatus,” filed June 6, 1899, granted June 26, 1900. “This invention relates to an improved advertising apparatus comprising in its construction and operation the combination of intermittently-movable visible signs and a sounding device for the purpose of automatically and intermittently showing a series of advertising signs as well as causing words to be intermittently sounded by a phonographic device.”

patent-us652641656,762: Auguste Baron, of Asnières, France, “Apparatus for Taking and Reproducing Animated Scenes and Sounds,” executed Oct. 17, 1898, filed Oct. 31, 1898, granted Aug. 28, 1900. “This invention relates to an apparatus for recording animated scenes and their accompanying sounds simultaneously and for reproducing the same simultaneously.” Uses phonograph.

659,368: John E. Haberlin, William R. Haberlin, and Timothy F. Hayes, of Bridgeport, Connecticut, “Truing-Gage,” filed Jan. 3, 1900, granted Oct. 9, 1900. For use in “many kinds of fine work—as, for example, in making the parts of check-punches and phonographs and in fine tool-making generally.”

660,572: Raimund Günther, of Vienna, Austria-Hungary, “Telephonic Apparatus,” filed Nov. 18, 1898, granted Oct. 30, 1900. Telephone answering machine using phonograph. 

660,796: Gustavus Hoglund and Carl M. Hedman, of Chicago, Illinois, Assignors of One-Half to Charles Berg and Maurice Lundin, of Same Place, “Hygienic Resonator for Telephones or Other Sound-Transmitting Devices,” filed Dec. 18, 1899, granted Oct. 30, 1900. Primarily for telephones, but also “speaking-tubes, ear-trumpets, phonographs, graphophones, and analogous devices.”

662,569: William K. Lord, of Mount Carmel, Pennsylvania, “Speed-Regulator,” filed Apr. 13, 1900, granted Nov. 27, 1900. “This invention relates, in a general sense, to improvements in devices of that class commonly known as ‘speed-regulators’ or ‘governors,’ and more particularly to speed-regulators having special utility in connection with phonographs, metronomes, and analogous mechanical structures.”

663,393: Bertha A. Price, of Chicago, Illinois, Assignor of One-Half to William H. Hall, of Same Place, “Hearing-Tube,” executed Dec. 27, 1899, filed Jan. 2, 1900, granted Dec. 4, 1900. “This invention relates to a novel attachment for supporting the hearing-tube of a phonograph and like sound-reproducing machines upon the person using the machines in such manner as to relieve the ears of the operator of the weight of the tube.”

patent-us663393665,801: John W. Rough, of Orleans, Indiana, “Electric Burglar-Alarm,” filed Apr. 2, 1900, granted Jan. 8, 1901. Uses cylinder phonograph and telephone. “This invention relates to new and useful improvements in electrical burglar-alarms, and its primary object is to provide a device whereby a burglar entering a building through a window, door, &c., or stepping upon suitably-disposed circuit-closers will cause the transmission of an audible signal through the medium of a telephone system to parties at different points, who may be in communication with the police department.”

666,609: Belford G. Royal, of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Assignor to Thomas S. Parvin, of Same Place, “Governor for Spring-Motors,” executed Mar. 10, 1899, filed June 22, 1899, granted Jan. 22, 1901. “My invention relates to an improved governor for gramophones and other sound-reproducing machines.”

667,727: Felix McGloin, of New York, N. Y., Assignor to the Automatic Fire Alarm Company, of Same Place, “Automatic Alarm System,” filed May 21, 1900, granted Feb. 12, 1901. “I prefer to employ the system in connection with the common telephone-circuit in general commercial use at the present day, and in such case I provide a talking-machine so arranged as to send in an alarm-message over the telephone-circuit, such as ‘There is a fire at 41 Park Row. Please notify the fire department.’”

669,433: Charles A. Yale, of Burlington, Vermont, Assignor to the Yale Wonder Clock Company, of Same Place, “Advertising and Vending Apparatus,” filed Apr. 9, 1900, granted Mar. 5, 1901. “My invention relates to chance devices; and the object of the same is to produce a machine of this character which is operated by depositing a coin in a slot and which is particularly adapted to be placed in retail shops for vending and advertising purposes. With this object in view my machine is constructed to flash electric lights of different colors, play music, and rotate an indicator-hand and eject a ticket, which drops into a tray on the side of the cabinet containing the mechanism.” Illustrated with a Regina music box, but: “In place of this music-box I may use a phonograph or other sound-reproducer.”

671,528: Belford G. Royal, of London, England, Assignor to Thomas S. Parvin, of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, “Brake for Spring-Motors,” executed Mar. 10, 1899, filed May 16, 1899, granted Apr. 9, 1901. “This invention relates to certain improvements in brakes, and more particularly to a brake adapted for use on gramophones or other sound recording and reproducing machines.”

680,654: George W. Gomber, of Conyngham, Pennsylvania, Assignor, by Mesne Assignments, to the American Multiplex Talking Machine Company, of West Virginia, “Rubber Gearing,” filed June 6, 1900, granted Aug. 13, 1901. Glossed as “certain new and useful Improvements in Rubber Gearing for Talking-Machines, &c.,” with emphasis on noiselessness.

683,569: James L. McQuarrie, of Chicago, Illinois, Assignor to the Western Electric Company, of Same Place, “Automatic Signaling System for Telephone-Exchanges,” executed Dec. 4, 1900, filed Jan. 26, 1901, granted Oct. 1, 1901. Uses “a source of peculiar or characteristic signaling-current (which may be a phonograph-transmitter, a musical-tone-producing transmitter, or the like)” to assist the telephone operator in reporting that a party is not responding to an attempt to place a call. “This signal may be either spoken words from a phonograph or a hum or tone or any other audible signal which the calling subscriber will recognize as meaning that no response is had from the called station.”

687,233: David H. Hilton, of Jersey City, New Jersey, and Edward N. Gaudron, of Brooklyn, New York; said Gaudron Assignor to said Hilton, “Appliance for Predetermining Speed,” filed Feb. 14, 1901, granted Nov. 26, 1901. For use in “a mechanical structure, as a phonograph or analogous sound-reproducing machine, embodying a revoluble part or parts.”

689,588: John Hoult, of Grand Rapids, Michigan, Assignor to the Gunn Furniture Company, of Grand Rapids, Michigan, a Corporation of Michigan, “Cabinet for Small Articles,” filed Feb. 15, 1901, granted Dec. 24, 1901. “My invention relates to improvements in cabinets for containing small articles of any kind, and more particularly to cabinets for ‘phonograph-records.’”

patent-us689588690,430: Arthur G. House, of Belton, Missouri, “Transmitting and Receiving Tube for Auricular Instruments,” filed Sept. 9, 1901, granted Jan. 7, 1902.  “The present invention has reference to auricular instruments or devices for transmitting and receiving sounds, and especially to that class which are provided with receivers, such as earpieces, adapted for engaging the ears of the person receiving the sound from a second person or from a phonograph or like sound-producing instrument.”

698,369: Thomas F. Burgess, of Denver, Colorado, “Combined Picture-Exhibitor and Phonograph,” filed Dec. 12, 1901, granted Apr. 22, 1902.  “This invention relates to a combined phonograph and illustrating device, and more particularly to an arrangement for successively displaying a series of pictures illustrating the subject-matter of a phonograph-record as it is being repeated or transmitted to the listener.”

699,438: Charles B. Baldwin, of Brooklyn, New York, “Box,” filed Feb. 7, 1901, granted May 6, 1902.  “This invention relates to boxes, and has particular reference to that class of boxes intended to contain phonograph or graphophone record-cylinders.”

703,942: Herbert S. Miller and Gustave C. Marx, of Elizabeth, New Jersey, Assignors to Diehl Manufacturing Company, a Corporation of New Jersey, “Electric-Motor Power-Transmitting Device,” filed Nov. 30, 1901, granted July 1, 1902.  Primarily intended for sewing machines, but also “for driving graphophones and the like.”

706,176: Frank C. Hassett, of Kelsoe, Washington, “Horn-Stand,” filed Dec. 31, 1902, granted Aug. 5, 1902.  For “phonographs and similar instruments.”

709,128Albert P. Waterman, of Orange, and George H. E. Berthold, of Newark, New Jersey, Assignors to the Edison Phonograph Works, of Orange, New Jersey, a Corporation of New Jersey, “Numbering-Machine,” filed Aug. 2, 1900, granted Sept. 16, 1902.  “Our invention relates to improvements in hand numbering-machines of the type wherein the numeral-carrying wheels or disks may be operated either consecutively, as for the numbering of consecutive pages, or in duplicate, as for the numbering of checks and the stubs therefor.  Usually numbering-machines of this type are also capable of being operated to repeat a number indefinitely, as for the marking of tags for identifying goods or other commodities by particular numbers.”  Judging from the assignment, this must have been intended for use somehow in connection with the manufacture or sale of Edison phonographs or records, perhaps for stamping catalog numbers on cylinder box lids.

713,019: Thomas P. Solon, of West Superior, Wisconsin, Assignor to Kate Solon, of Douglas County, Wisconsin, “Liquid-Vending Machine,” filed Apr. 14, 1902, granted Nov. 4, 1902.  Designed to dispense drinks into cups, and “adapted to simultaneously operate a talking-machine to enable the virtues, characteristics, and advantages of the liquid to be described while the liquid is being consumed by purchasers.”

D:36,195: Charles Ruppel, of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Assignor to Victor Talking Machine Company, a Corporation of New Jersey, “Design for a Cabinet,” executed Dec. 2, 1902, filed Dec. 4, 1902, granted Jan. 20, 1903.

717,898: Richard P. McCully, of Brooklyn, New York, “Stethoscope or the Like,” filed June 13, 1902, granted Jan. 6, 1903.  “Obviously this invention is not limited to stethoscopes, but may be used in connection with other tubes employed for conveying sounds to the ears—such as, for example, the tubes leading from phonographs or telephones.”

718,500: George A. Moore, of Brookline, Massachusetts, Assignor to the Moore Talking Scale Company, of Boston, Massachusetts, a Corporation of Maine, “Weighing-Machine,” executed Feb. 28, 1902, filed Mar. 8, 1902, renewed Dec. 20, 1902, granted Jan. 13, 1903.  “The object of my invention is the construction of a machine of this class in which the weight of the person shall be audibly spoken instead of visually designated, as in the usual manner.  In accomplishing this I employ a phonographic record of words descriptive of weights and adapt the sounder and its stylus to be brought by the weight of the person standing upon the platform into engagement with the proper record-groove and then cause the record to revolve and announce the weight.”

719,141: Charles C. Reinhardt, of New York, N. Y., “Toy Shooting-Gallery,” filed June 10, 1902, granted Jan. 27, 1903.  “This invention relates to a toy shooting-gallery, in which a stereoscope, mutoscope, phonograph, or similar device contained within the casing of the gallery is set in motion by the impact of the projectile against the target.  The casing is provided with sight-openings or ear-tubes, and thus a pleasing exhibition may be witnessed by the skilful marksman.”

727,613: Edward D. Gleason, of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Assignor to Hawthorne & Sheble Manufacturing Company, of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, a Corporation of Pennsylvania, “Needle-Grinding Machine,” filed Aug. 9, 1902, granted May 12, 1903.  Uses the rotation of a gramophone turntable as motive power for sharpening gramophone needles.

patent-us727613728,162: William A. Denio, of Rochester, New York, Assignor of One-Half to Hobart F. Atkinson, of Rochester, New York, “Telephone,” filed Feb. 6, 1903, granted May 12, 1903.  Uses a corrugated washer to hold membrane in place to let it “vibrate much more freely than it would if held rigidly…thereby much increasing the sensitiveness of the instrument and the strength of the sound emitted by it…. My invention may be applied to telephones, phonographs, or any acoustic instrument having a vibrating diaphragm.”

728,488: George W. Merrill, Jr., of New York, N. Y., Assignor to Hawthorne and Sheble Manufacturing Company, a Corporation of Pennsylvania, “Speed-Regulator for Spring-Motors,” filed Feb. 13, 1901, granted May 19, 1903.  Designed to allow user to adjust phonograph to a specified playback speed using a numerical scale.

732,321: Richard S. Settle, of Kearney, Missouri, Assignor of Three-Fourths to Edwards and Sloane Jewelry Company, a Corporation of Missouri, and Samuel A. Pence, of Kearney, Missouri, “Watch-Barrel,” filed May 20, 1902, granted June 30, 1903.  “The invention may be applied to the retaining of any kind of a power-mainspring—such as is employed in a music-box, a clock, or a phonograph, or similar.”

738,125: Walter C. Runge, of London, England, “Speed-Regulator,” filed Dec. 13, 1901, divided: filed Aug. 5, 1902, granted Sept. 1, 1903.  For “graphophones, phonographs, and the like.”

739,402: Tarleton B. Eastman, of South San Francisco, California, Assignor of Eleven-Twentieths to G. H. Mott and Francis M. Wright, of San Francisco, California, “Automatic Stereoscope,” filed July 25, 1902, granted Sept. 22, 1903. “My invention relates to an attachment to any of the well-known forms of talking-machines whereby a number of different pictures may be arranged so as to be successively displayed in harmony with the music or song that is being produced by the talking-machine.  I prefer that the pictures so displayed shall be stereoscopic and viewed through stereoscopic lenses; but this is not absolutely essential to my invention.”patent-us739402743,858: Henry A. Gautschi, of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, “Phonographic Attachment for Music-Boxes,” filed Jan. 5, 1903, granted Nov. 10, 1903.  “[M]y invention consists chiefly in removable means for changing the music-box into a phonograph, and thereby utilizing the spring-motor of the music-box for operating said phonograph.”

745,342: Theodore F. Freese and Carl J. Freese, of Elyria, Ohio, “Answering and Recording Telephone,” filed Nov. 22, 1902, granted Dec. 1, 1903.  “Our invention relates to telephony, our more particular object being to provide automatic mechanism for answering calls in the absence of the operative in charge of the station and for automatically recording messages received from the line.”  Uses phonograph.

755,946: Jacob L. Schureman, Jr., of Chicago, Illinois, “Gramophone Attachment for Music-Boxes,” filed Mar. 17, 1902, granted Mar. 29, 1904.  Uses music-box as source of motive power for gramophone turntable.

769,473: Arthur C. Ferguson, of Brooklyn, New York, “Electrical Signal-Transmitter,” filed Jan. 30, 1904, granted Sept. 6, 1904.  “This invention is intended for the purpose of transmitting and recording code-signals, the record of such signals being in the form of printed matter, whereby a person skilled in the use of the apparatus may transmit and print the same at the receiving-station by the simple operation of speaking or enunciating said signals into its transmitter.  The code-signals may be either a letter, a word, or a series of letters or words which are pronounceable and which are capable of being used as codes or for the transmission of intelligence by secret letters or combinations of letters constituting words.  It is apparent that by simply increasing or duplicating the essential elements of the apparatus herein shown and described the same may be adopted in the construction of a phone type-writer, especially in cases where the vocabulary intended to be used is limited, for instance, to such as is required for commercial or some special business or enterprise…. The invention has in view for its object means for printing a letter, word, or words to form readable printed matter by speaking the same, and is based upon the principle that as the sound-waves of every sound differ from those of every other sound so the vibrations of a diaphragm differ in character, rate, and amplitude with each sound impinged thereon, and these differences are the means whereby selection of individual printing devices for each sound may be accomplished and then caused to print readably the designation of any given sound.”

773,007: Richard M. Eaton of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, “Telephone System,” executed Dec. 28, 1901, filed Dec. 31, 1901, granted Oct. 25, 1904.  Enables telephone users to call a special station, without going through the central station, that would “furnish stock-quotations, phonographic entertainment, or similar service, which the subscribers may secure at will and without charge to them.”

773,061: Hyman Cohen, of New York, N. Y., Assignor to the Nathan Anklet Support Company, of New York, N. Y., a Corporation of New York, “Bag For Horns,” executed June 6, 1904, filed June 11, 1904, granted Oct. 25, 1904.  “My invention relates to bags or covers for horns for phonographs, musical instruments, and the like.”

774,328: August F. Meisselbach and William Meisselbach, Jr., of Newark, New Jersey, “Pocket-Oiler,” filed May 5, 1904, granted Nov. 8, 1904. “The object of the present invention is to furnish an oil-dropper which may be carried in safety in the pocket and which is adapted for use in oiling clocks, phonographs, sewing-machines, and similar small articles when repairing the same away from a workshop.”

774,342: Harold D. Stroud, of Chicago, Illinois, Assignor of One-Half to A. Miller Belfield, of Chicago, Illinois, “Burglar-Alarm System,” filed Dec. 22, 1902, granted Nov. 8, 1904.  “In the arrangement for carrying out my invention herein set forth I provide a telephone-transmitter at some suitable place—as, for example, the locality from which the alarm is to be given—and also a phonograph which is arranged to speak into the transmitter.  At the central station I provide a suitable telephone receiving apparatus, whereby the speaking of the phonograph into the transmitter can be heard at the central station.  The phonograph is arranged to speak certain predetermined phrases—such, for example, as, ‘Burglar at 120 State street.’  This it will repeat over and over again.”

777,301: James L. McQuarrie, of Chicago, Illinois, Assignor to Western Electric Company, of Chicago, Illinois, a Corporation of Illinois, “Busy Signal for Telephone-Exchanges,” filed Apr. 1, 1901, granted Dec. 13, 1904.  “The signal may be produced by inducing in the circuit of the calling-line a rapidly-varying current, which will cause a hum or tone in the subscriber’s telephone, or a phonograph may be used to transmit spoken words, or any other desired signal may be employed.”

778,434: John A. Wozencraft, of Chicago, Illinois, Assignor of One-Third to John Thomas Mullins, of Chicago, Illinois, “Graphophone Alarm-Clock,” filed Nov. 30, 1903, granted Dec. 27, 1904.

patent-us778434780,730: Ernst Paul Riessner, of Wahren, Germany, “Mechanical Musical Instrument,” filed Oct. 3, 1902, granted Jan. 24, 1905.  “The object of the present invention is to provide means for converting an ordinary mechanical musical instrument operated by a note sheet or disk into a gramophone or phonograph, or vice versa, at will and without materially altering the mechanism of either of the instruments.”

781,601: Christian W. Henrich, of Detroit, Michigan, Assignor of Two-Thirds to Charles H. Bredin and Hugh E. Kenney, of Detroit, Michigan, “Graphophone-Clock,” filed Sept. 11, 1903, granted Jan. 31, 1905.patent-us781601787,344: James P. Robertson, of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, “Electrical Fire-Alarm Apparatus,” filed Aug. 13, 1902, granted Apr. 11, 1905.  “The alarm-transmitting mechanism preferably employed is a telephonographic device comprising a phonographic record on which may be recorded suitable words to indicate the character of the alarm and the place from which it is sent—such, for example, as ‘Fire at No. 100 King street’—and a combined phonographic reproducer and telephone-transmitter having a single diaphragm serving both for the reproduction of the recorded sounds and the telephonographic transmission thereof to the line-circuit.”

789,876: Hermann G. Pape, of New York, N. Y., “Sound-Dissipating Earpiece,” filed May 17, 1904, granted May 16, 1905.  “This invention relates to a sound-dissipating earpiece for sound-conveyers, and has for its object to produce an earpiece insertible in the ear to convey sound-waves thereto and provided with passages through which the reflected sound-waves may be dissipated to prevent reverberation and the consequent confusion of sounds….  It is of course understood that all sound-conveying tubes of whatever nature are provided with earpieces insertible in the ear to insure the proper conveyance of sound to the ear-drum.  Such tubes and earpieces are employed in a large variety of connections and are material parts of phonographs, stethoscopes, ear-trumpets, speaking-tubes, &c.”

789,915: Miller Reese Hutchison, of New York, N. Y., Assignor, by Mesne Assignments, to Hutchison Acoustic Company, a Corporation of New York, “Method of Determining Degree of Deafness,” filed Oct. 19, 1903, granted May 16, 1905.  “A standard of both intensity and articulation can be obtained with a ‘talking-machine,’ such as a graphophone or telegraphone constructed with predetermined characteristics.”

791,573: Herman G. Pape, of New York, N. Y., “Audiphone Instruction Apparatus or Set,” filed Nov. 9, 1904, granted June 6, 1905.  “A still further object of the invention is to provide a teacher’s auxiliary receiver adapted to be connected with a phonograph or other apparatus for producing musical or other sounds.”

810,656: Morris Kohn, “Coin Collecting and Carrying Device,” filed Jan. 3, 1905, granted Jan. 23, 1906.  “My invention relates to devices for carrying coins from one point to another, and particularly from automatic coin-operated machines to receptacles where coins may be safely kept….  In amusement-places such as are now common in our large cities it is customary to provide a considerable row of coin-operated phonographs, moving-picture machines, strength and other testing machines, and in general a variety of so-called ‘slot-machines,’ which are automatically operated or made operative by the insertion of a coin.  It is very desirable to the proprietors of these amusement-places to know which machine or which classes of machines are most attractive to the public as shown by their relative receipts.  My device secures this result by selecting the coins deposited in any one or any class of machines and conveying them to a particular receptacle.  At the same time, by reason of its capability for continuous operation, it is adapted to receive the coins from all of the machines at very frequent intervals, which prevents any possibility of the machines being robbed either by some disorderly person or by a mechanic who may be required to occasionally repair the machines.”

814,383: Alexander W. MacArthur, of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, “Advertising Device,” filed Dec. 19, 1904, granted Mar. 6, 1906.  “Briefly stated, my invention comprises a revolving body having the wares or goods described or pictorially represented on the surface thereof, which body may be provided with sound-conducting devices causing the sounds to issue from said body, the means for producing said sounds being invisible….  I may provide a sound device which comprises a suitable musical instrument—such as a music-box, organ, talking-machine, whistle, &c.—as indicated at 21, which is preferably located within the box of the vehicle 22.  Said instrument is preferably inclosed within a casing 23 and has a pipe or conduit 25 extending therefrom and beneath the vehicle, so as to communicate with the vertical spindle 26, which in this case will be hollow and which communicates with the hub 27, also made hollow.  Extending from the hub 27 and passing through or terminating at the surface of the advertising-body 13 are a series of amplifying-horns 28, the openings for which may be provided with screens 29 to give the appearance of an uninterrupted surface to the body of the advertising device.”

patent-us814383817,178: Julius C. Liebhardt, of Belleville, New Jersey, Assignor, by Mesne Assignments, to Globe Exhibiting Company, of New York, N. Y., a Corporation of New York, “Clutch Mechanism for Exhibiting-Machines,” filed Nov. 14, 1904, granted Apr. 10, 1906.  Illustrated and described in connection with a combination of picture exhibitor and phonograph.

820,569George M. Haas, of New York, N. Y., Assignor to the Automatic Target Machine Company, “Target Apparatus,” executed July 6, 1905, filed July 7, 1905, granted May 15, 1906.  “This invention relates to the class of target devices or apparatuses wherein the spot or object aimed at by the marksman is indicated electrically and wherein a firearm or something which simulates a firearm—as, for example, a gun or pistol—is employed, but no explosive or projectile is used….  The miss may be signalized by sound, as with a phonograph, or by sight or sempahorically, as herein shown.”

820,823: James Percival Robertson, of North Sydney, Near Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, “Electrical Fire-Alarm Apparatus,” filed July 17, 1903, granted May 15, 1906.  “The alarm-transmitting mechanism preferably employed is a telephonographic device, comprising what is in substance the well-known graphophone arranged in connection with what is in substance a telephone-transmitter, the connection being such that sounds reproduced by the graphophone actuate the transmitter to transmit telephonically suitable words to indicate the character of the alarm and the place from which it is sent—such, for example, as ‘Fire at 100 King street.’  The graphophone referred to is provided with automatic controlling mechanism arranged to be released by electrical mechanism which may be actuated by any one of a number of thermostats or other primary actuating devices.”

824,773: Edward L. Aiken, of East Orange, New Jersey, Assignor to New Jersey Patent Company, of West Orange, New Jersey, a Corporation of New Jersey, “Earpiece,” executed June 10, 1905, filed June 12, 1905, granted July 3, 1906.  “My invention relates to an improved type of earpiece adapted more especially for use with phonographs and other talking-machines, but which is obviously capable of other uses.”  Consists of a “cup-shaped earpiece having a support which is adapted to rest on the ear, and thereby support the earpiece and listening-tube.”

830,200: Charles C. Bishop, of St. Louis, Missouri, Assignor of One-Third to William L. Ryan, of St. Louis, Missouri, “Talking-Clock,” filed Mar. 18, 1905, granted Sept. 4, 1906.  “A convenient embodiment of the invention embraces a clock of the ordinary type preferably though not necessarily provided with a striking-train, controlling mechanism actuated by the clock at predetermined intervals, and means operatively associated with the braking device of a talking-machine, such as the ordinary phonograph, governed by said controlling mechanism to permit normal actuation of the talking-machine motor, whereby said machine will, through the medium of its record and reproducer, announce the time indicated by the hands of the clock or such other matter as may be desired.”

patent-us830200831,320: Charles B. Baldwin, of New York, N. Y., “Box,” filed Aug. 29, 1900, granted Sept. 18, 1906.  “This invention relates to boxes, and more particularly to that class of boxes intended to contain the wax-like record-cylinders used in connection with phonographs, graphophones, &c.”

834,486: Albert S. Noonan, of Rome, New York, “Rack,” filed Aug. 2, 1905, granted Oct. 30, 1906.  “The invention has to do particularly with a form of rack designed and constructed for holding phonograph-records.”

836,734: Joseph Bornand, of New York, N. Y., “Spring-Motor,” filed Nov. 29, 1905, granted Nov. 27, 1906.  “The shaft 21 may be the means of communicating movement to any desired object, but, as shown, it is adapted to a socket in the hub of a disk 34, adapted to receive the disks of a graphophone.”

838,749: Henry Linton Reber, of St. Louis, Missouri, “Telephone System,” filed Mar. 29, 1905, granted Dec. 18, 1906.  “If for any reason a B operator is unable to attend to the calls coming in over her order wire, a key h is provided therein which when operated disconnects the same from her head-telephone and connects it with some device arranged to impress thereon a distinctive current or signal, such as the ordinary busy signal device found in most large exchanges or a phonographic device.”

839,121: John M. Dean, of Lowell, Massachusetts, “Wire-Cutting Machine,” filed May 10, 1906, granted Dec. 25, 1906.  “My invention relates to machines for cutting wire rods, and more particularly to machines for cutting the pointed ends from wires to form the points of graphophone-machines, and also to form hackle-pins, card-pins, gill-pins, and comb-pins used in textile machinery.”

839,152: Henri Joly, of Paris, France, “Synchronizing Apparatus,” filed Jan. 8, 1906, granted Dec. 25, 1906.  Synchronization of phonograph and kinematograph.

850,484: Charles Newman, of Elizabeth, New Jersey, “Reinforcing Telephones,” filed June 15, 1906, granted April 16, 1907. Telephone signals are recorded onto wax phonograph cylinder, not with the goal of reproducing them, but in order to reinforce the sound vibration mechanically for transmission over a telephone line, on the grounds that “the cylinder…has the effect of returning the stylus with the power obtained by its own rotation.  In other words, a rotating phonographic cylinder has a peculiar resilient action which returns the stylus after each operation, but which is entirely different from the action of a spring.”

852,848: Henry K. Sandell, of Chicago, Illinois, Assignor to Mills Novelty Company, of Chicago, Illinois, a Corporation of Illinois, “Coin-Actuated Device for Controlling the Operation of Coin-Operated Machines,” filed Jan. 17, 1907, granted May 7, 1907. Notes “coin-operated phonographs and analogous instruments” among its uses but focuses on automatic musical instruments.

853,898: Robert F. Rice, of Bridgeport, Connecticut, “Amusement Device,” executed Oct. 19, 1905, filed Oct. 24, 1905, granted May 14, 1907. A “ride” in which cars move on a circular track while pictures are projected on the inner wall and sounds are reproduced by phonograph.

patent-us853898855,393: Reuben B. Eubank, Jr., of Kansas City, Kansas, Assignor by Direct and Mesne Assignments, to the Eubank Indicator Manufacturing Company, a Corporation of Missouri, “Annunciator for Cars,” filed July 28, 1905, granted May 28, 1907. “The invention consists of a phonograph for successively calling street crossings, or railway stations, a device containing the names of said crossings or stations, and means for operating the phonograph and said device so that the names of the crossings may be simultaneously called and displayed, or when desired the phonograph may be operated independently of the display device, so that it will repeat a name while the display device remains inoperative.”

856,764: Alfred H. Case, of St. Johnsville, New York, Assignor of One-Half to Fred H. Case, of St. Johnsville, New York, “Rotary Stand Cabinet,” executed Sept. 8, 1906, filed Sept. 13, 1906, granted June 11, 1907. “This invention relates to rotary stands or supports for use in the home, and the object thereof is to provide an improved device of this class which is particularly designed for use as a support or holder for phonograph records and as a stand cabinet for supporting various kinds and classes of articles.”

860,568: William J. Phelps, of Detroit, Michigan, Assignor to the Phelps Company, of Detroit, Michigan, a Corporation of Michigan, “Electric Incandescent Lamp and Connection Therefor,”  filed Sept. 10, 1902, granted July 16, 1907. Contains a couple references to hooking up a phonograph so it can be turned on by a wall switch together with a lamp.

865,025: Nelson C. Durand, of East Orange, New Jersey, Assignor to New Jersey Patent Company, of West Orange, New Jersey, a Corporation of New Jersey, “Dictation Memorandum-Sheet,” executed Aug. 1, 1905. filed Aug. 30, 1905, granted Sept. 3, 1907. “My invention relates to memorandum sheets adapted for use in connection with commercial talking machines of the type wherein the position of the recorder or reproducer with respect to the blank or record is indicated by means of a scale and pointer…and my object is to provide a memorandum sheet by which convenient and comprehensible instructions may be given to the transcriber as to the condition of the dictated work.”

patent-us865025866,263: John H. B. Conger, of Newark, New Jersey, Assignor to the Tea Tray Company of Newark, N. J., a Corporation of New Jersey, “Stand for Sound-Amplifying Horns,” executed Jan. 24, 1903, filed Feb. 11, 1903, granted Sept. 17, 1907. Relating to “a horn for talking machines and the like.”

868,354: Bernard F. Merkel, of Salida, Colorado, Assignor of One-Half to George G. Griswold and Wade H. Green, of Salida, Colorado, “Signal System,” filed May 1, 1907, granted Oct. 15, 1907. Reference to conductor going to tower “for orders which are transmitted over telegraphone or telephone by operator at station 42.”

870,504: Paul Frost, of Berlin, Germany, “Mutoscope,” filed Jan. 25, 1907, granted Nov. 5, 1907. “My invention relates to mutoscopes and has for its object to drive the mutoscope and simultaneously operate a phonograph and automatically close circuit through various colored lights, the phonograph and lights preferably but not necessarily operating in harmony and in accordance with the moving picture displayed, as will hereinafter be more fully described and claimed.”

871,084: William Henry Carroll, of Jersey City, New Jersey, “Disappearing-Table Cabinet,” filed Feb. 24, 1906, continued Dec. 5, 1906, granted Nov. 12, 1907. “It now is proposed to utilize the invention more especially for holding a phonograph or graphophone with its records or disks, or a music box and its interchangeable cylinders, or for holding a telephone and its directory, or for holding a glass or silver service which it may be desirable to ordinarily conceal; but the invention is not restricted to such uses.”

873,638: Carlos Van Bergh, of Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada, Assignor to the Van Bergh Electric Protection System Co., of New York, N. Y., a Corporation of New York, “Burglar-Alarm,” filed June 6, 1907, granted Dec. 10, 1907. “This invention relates to certain improvements in burglar alarms, and more particularly to means whereby an electric bell and a talking machine may be started in operation, to work alternately and in succession to give the alarm upon the closing of the circuit by the intrusion of a burglar.”

874,350: Walter C. Bunge, of Camden, New Jersey, Assignor to International Royal Phone Company, of Boston, Massachusetts, a Corporation of Maine, “Reproducing-Trumpet Support,” filed July 3, 1906, granted Dec. 17, 1907. “My invention relates to supports for the trumpets of talking machines in which the stylus, or the sound box, is directly attached to, and moves with the trumpet, being carried wholly thereby.”

878,088: Ernst Paul Riessner, of Wahren, Germany, “Music-Box,” filed July 21, 1905, granted Feb. 4, 1908. “My invention relates to music boxes, and particularly to an arrangement whereby the driving mechanism of a music box may be utilized for operating a talking machine record.”

patent-us878088879,307: Roderick M. Palmer, of Cambridge, Massachusetts, Assignor to Palmer Electrical Company, of Bangor, Maine, “System of Electrical Distribution,” filed Mar. 17, 1906, granted Feb. 18, 1908. “The invention is especially adapted among other uses to be employed for supplying current from a circuit of relatively high voltage, such as an incandescent lamp circuit to a plurality of electric motors employed to operate a plurality of graphophones or other instruments, there being an electric motor for each graphophone.”

883,111: Christian W. Henrich, of Detroit, Michigan, Assignor of One-Third to Charles H. Bredin and One-Third to Hugh E. Kenny, of Detroit, Michigan, “Graphophone-Clock,” filed Jan. 23, 1905, granted Mar. 24, 1908.

885,223: Wiley Turner Boyd, of Ellentown, Florida, “Receiver,” filed Feb. 12, 1907, granted Apr. 21, 1908. Pair of eartubes: “the receiver can be adjusted to fit any head and can be readily attached to any phone in use as well as to new phones, phonographs, etc.”

886,017: Louis Schram and Dominique Kies, of Chicago, Illinois; said Kies, Assignor to said Schram, “Music-Cabinet,” filed Mar. 7, 1908, granted Apr. 28, 1908. “Our invention relates to improvements in cabinets for holding music, drawings and the like articles, in sheet form or phonograph disk records, and the like.”

887,631: Ellsworth A. Hawthorne of Springfield, Massachusetts, Assignor to Hawthorne and Sheble Manufacturing Company, of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, a Corporation of Pennsylvania, “Disk-Record-Filing Cabinet,” filed May 22, 1906, granted May 12, 1908.

888,271: Gustaf Sylvan, Johannes B. Sylvan, and Emil Wilhelm Sylvan, of Columbia, South Carolina, “Clock-Movement,” filed Sept. 13, 1907, granted May 19, 1908. “In making use of our invention, we do not confine it to clocks and watches, but may use it in the transmission gears of all kinds of spring motors, it being especially useful for such spring motors as are employed in phonograph and graphophone machines, or any other mechanism which requires to be run at a uniform rate of speed.”

894,803: Thomas V. Skelly, of Chicago, Illinois, “Check-Controlled Mechanism,” filed July 22, 1907, divided: executed Nov. 4, 1907, filed Nov. 6, 1907, granted July 28, 1908. Drawings “illustrate a specific embodiment of this invention, the particular arrangement of parts being such as is suitable for check controlled mechanism when applied to phonograph operating mechanism such as is shown in my co-pending application, Serial No. 384,952, filed July 22nd, 1907, of which the present application is a division.

894,871: Henry Abrahamson, of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, “Cabinet,” filed Nov. 11, 1907, granted Aug. 4, 1908. “This invention relates to a cabinet especially constructed for holding graphophone records, the object being, to provide a cabinet which will be thoroughly dust proof, whereby the records will be kept clean at all times.” For disc records.

904,890: Frederick H. Osborn, of Garrison, New York, “Brake Mechanism,” filed Feb. 4, 1908, granted Nov. 24, 1908. “My invention relates to improvements in brake mechanisms such as are particularly adapted for use on phonographs, gramophones and similar sound reproducing instruments although the said brake mechanisms may be employed in connection with other machines.”

907,320: Arthur Dare, of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, “Device for Transmitting Sound-Waves,” filed Feb. 24, 1908, granted Dec. 22, 1908. “This invention relates to improvements in devices for transmitting sound waves of the human voice and is adapted for use in connection with the telephone, phonograph and other like sound transmitting and recording instruments.  The invention embodies a device so constructed that when placed over the mouth the sound of speech will be muffled and rendered inaudible from without yet at the same time the sound waves set up in the larynx will be permitted to travel to the diaphragm of the recording or transmitting instrument released only from the pressure of exhaled air from the lungs.”

907,960: Gerrit J. Boelen, of the Hague, Netherlands, “Telephone Attachment,” executed June 1, 1908, filed June 3, 1908, granted Dec. 29, 1908. Telephone answering machine using cylinder phonograph.

908,256: William Harrison, of Utica, New York, Assignor to M. E. Blasier Manufacturing Company, of Utica, New York, a Corporation, “Horn-Supporting Clamp,” filed Jun. 8, 1907, granted Dec. 29, 1908. “While the clamp is capable of use in many connections, it is here shown as a support for the post of a phonograph crane, such a post being common to such cranes.”

911,794: George T. Williams of New York, N. Y, “Record-Packet,” filed Feb. 4, 1908, granted Feb. 9, 1909. “This invention relates to envelops adapted to serve in containing disk records for talking machines, and the object of the invention is to provide a simple inexpensive packet so constructed as to permit the retailer to deliver the desired record to the consumer in an envelop of the form usually employed in the trade, and so constructed as to show whether or not the record has been removed from the packet as originally received by the retailer from the manufacturer or distributor.”

patent-us911794914,078: John W. Schauer, of Kalispell, Montana, “Cabinet,” filed May 13, 1908, granted Mar. 2, 1909. “This invention relates to cabinets, and more particularly to such as are provided with movable supports for retaining articles such as phonograph records and the like…. Although in the preferred form shown the shelves of the cabinet are particularly constructed to hold cylinder phonograph records, nevertheless the trays may be easily altered to hold disk records.”

914,748: Chismore H. Packard, of New York, N. Y., “Convertible Amusement and Dining Car,” filed Mar. 11, 1908, granted Mar. 9, 1909. Train car. “The side-board B is preferably comprised of at least two sections the lower section or base 1 of which will be fixed and will be utilized as a stand or support for a phonograph P or like apparatus.”

915,359: Joseph M. Kirby, of Longmont, Colorado, “Picture-Projecting Apparatus,” filed Feb. 24, 1908, granted Mar. 16, 1909. Synchronization of gramophone and moving picture projector.

patent-us915359 916,326: Eugene Keltz, of Vernon, Texas, “Cabinet,” filed Feb. 28, 1908, granted Mar. 23, 1909. “This invention relates to new and useful improvements in cabinets and while it is primarily designed as a cabinet for containing phonograph records, it may be used in all other instances where a cabinet of this kind would be suitable or practical.”

923,511: Jules Greenbaum, of Berlin, Germany, “Checking Apparatus for Synchronously-Running Kinematographs and Talking-Machines,” executed Sept. 3, 1907, filed Sept. 17, 1907, granted June 1, 1909. “The present invention relates to a combination of kinematographs and talking machines, the arrangement being such that while a living picture is being exhibited the necessary verbal explanations to the particular scene are simultaneously given by a talking machine.”

929,017: James K. Reynard, of East Elmhust, New York, “Metal-Depositing Apparatus,” filed Feb. 14, 1906, granted July 27, 1909. Improved method of depositing gold on phonograph cylinders prior to electroplating.

929,371: William C. Arsem, of Schenectady, New York, Assignor to General Electric Company, a Corporation of New York, “Asymmetric Cell,” executed Mar. 17, 1908, filed Mar. 18, 1908, granted July 27,1909. “It is evident that my electrolytic cell may be used…to intensify vibrations of sound in such devices as the phonograph, or microphone. I use for this purpose an arrangement similar to that shown in Fig. 8, diaphragm 41 being the reproducing diaphragm of a phonograph, or the vibrating member of a microphone transmitter.”

930,342: Charles G. Bishop, of St. Louis, Missouri, “Advertising Device,” executed Oct. 19, 1907, filed Oct. 24, 1907, granted Aug. 10, 1909. “READ THE ‘AD’ AND LISTEN TO THE MAN”: mannequin in store window with ear tubes out front connected to phonograph. “By combining a movable sign with a figure of a human being, and producing the natural voice or sounds of the same, a very attractive, novel and impressive advertising device is produced. The sounds or voice from the machine may refer to the matter on the respective signs, and also may be interspersed with entertaining matter.”

patent-us930342931,349: Oscar K. Sletto, of Blackduck, Minnesota, Assignor of One-Third to Eskel Peterson and One-Third to Peter Spilman, of Blackduck, Minnesota, “Attachment for Cash-Registers,” executed Oct. 21, 1907, filed Oct. 28, 1907, granted Aug. 17, 1909. “The object of my invention is to provide a phonographic attachment for a cash register whereby when a sale is made and the keys are operated to represent the amount of the purchase the phonograph will audibly reproduce the amount indicated by the keys.”

932,830: Alfred J. Thomas, of Roubaix, South Dakota, “Card-Exhibiting Device,” filed Oct. 21, 1907, granted Aug. 31, 1909. “If the holders 13 are large enough, any desired number of them may be utilized as holders for phonograph records that may be placed therein, and one card left in each holder having on it the title of the music or other matter placed on the record.”

938,235: John Hermann, of New York, N. Y., “Needle-Serving Box,” filed Feb. 5, 1909, granted Oct. 26, 1909. “This invention relates to needle-serving boxes, intended to contain and serve either sewing needles or the needle points used in phonographic machines.”

938,739: Thomas J. Beetham, of Newark, New Jersey, assignor to the Tea Tray Company of Newark, N. J., “Horn-Crane,” filed Jan. 17, 1907, granted Nov. 2, 1909. For phonographs. 

941,378: William H. Muzzy, of Dayton, Ohio, Assignor, by Mesne Assignments, to the National Cash Register Company, of Dayton, Ohio, a Corporation of Ohio (incorporated in 1906), “Cash-Register,” filed June 8, 1905, granted Nov. 30, 1909. Goals are “to provide a cash register with an improved phonographic mechanism for announcing the different amounts in dollars and cents” and “to control the phonographic mechanism from the regular mechanism of the cash register in such manner that the operation of the phonographic mechanism takes place subsequent to the regular registering operation and will be dependent thereon.”

941,891: Pietro Pierini, of Rome, Italy, “Synchronizing Apparatus,” filed May 16, 1908, granted Nov. 30, 1909. Synchronizing talking machine with kinematograph.

943,915: John J. Comer, of Baltimore, Maryland, Assignor to George R. Webb, of Baltimore, Maryland, “Multiplex Transmitter,” filed Apr. 7, 1909, granted Dec. 21, 1909. The invention “is particularly adapted for the transmission of musical vibrations, especially where the vibrations are taken from a record…. For illustration, it transforms the vibrations made upon a record, for instance, a gramophone disk, into undulatory alternating electrical currents whose variation in value will correspond to the original vibrations from which the record is made.”

944,018: John H. B. Conger, of Newark, New Jersey, Assignor to the Tea Tray Company of Newark, N. J., a Corporation of New Jersey, “Horn-Crane,” filed May 28, 1906, granted Dec. 21, 1909. For phonographs.

944,063: Peter R. Warren, of Lowell, Massachusetts, “Folding Box,” filed Aug. 31, 1909, granted Dec. 21, 1909. “The box embodying my invention is particularly adapted to contain phonograph needles or other small articles which it is desirable shall be kept separated into two or more classes, for example used and unused, by means of compartments in the box.” 

944,158: Mathias Smith, of Crabtree, Oregon, “Revolving Cabinet,” filed Mar. 13, 1908, granted Dec. 21, 1909. “This invention belongs to the art of stands and the like, but it particularly pertains to a combination phonograph stand and record cabinet, designed for use in homes, stores and other similar places, and in connection with phonographs, talking machines and the like.”

945,976: George P. McDonnell, of St. Louis, Missouri, Assignor to Claude A. Lindborg, of St. Louis, Missouri, “Synchronizing Apparatus,” filed June 26, 1908, granted Jan. 11, 1910. “My invention has relation to improvements in synchronizing apparatus for combined talking and moving picture machines or stereopticon slides”; uses gramophone.

946,270: Alcorn Rector, of New York, N. Y., Assignor to Rector Help-a-Phone Company, of New York, N. Y., a Corporation of New York, “Telephone Adjunct,” filed Dec. 4, 1908, granted Jan. 11, 1910. Headphones: “This form of the device is applicable for use in connection with any other sound producing machines as for instance for hearing the sounds from a phonograph or other form of musical and talking machine. In fact the apparatus in any case is not strictly limited to use with a telephone, as it can be operated in connection with the conveyance of sound or with any sound producing machine or apparatus where it is desired to have the sound waves accurately and nicely transmitted to both ears and where it is desired to have at least one hand left free.”

946,500: Bert C. Ferguson, of Oil City, Pennsylvania, Assignor of One-Half to Maurice J. Dale, of Oil City, Pennsylvania, “Automatic Advertising Device,” filed Mar. 19, 1909, granted Jan. 11, 1910. Automatic feeding of “plates, films, or screens” for projection, primarily run by clockwork, but: “Another object of this invention is to provide a device that can be controlled by a phonograph or a reproducing machine, whereby songs and other matter can be accurately and properly illustrated during the rendition of a song by the reproducing machine.” Illustrated with cylinder phonograph.

946,687: William I. Sherwood, of New York, N. Y., Assignor to Phonographic Music Co., of Brooklyn, New York, a Corporation of New York, “Speed-Meter,” filed Dec. 12, 1906, divided: executed Jan. 30, 1907, filed Feb. 2, 1907, granted Jan. 18, 1910. Invention “is more especially adapted to determine the speed at which a sound reproducer of the graphophone, phonograph or gramophone type is running.”

952,033: George W. Fowler and William F. Siebenmorgen, of Westfield, New Jersey, “Speed-Changing Device for Motors,” executed Mar. 4, 1908, filed Mar. 16, 1908, granted Mar. 15, 1910. Phonographs are one of the many applications envisioned.

952,225: Edward L. Aiken, of Orange, New Jersey, Assignor to New Jersey Patent Company, of West Orange, New Jersey, a Corporation of New Jersey, “Horn-Support,” executed May 10, 1907, filed May 15, 1907, granted Mar. 15, 1910. For phonograph.

954,715: Walther Burstyn, of Berlin, Germany, “Diaphragm for Acoustic Apparatus,” executed Feb. 6, 1909, filed Feb. 19, 1909, granted Apr. 12, 1910. Fig. 4 shows application to a phonograph diaphragm.

954,805: Edward H. Hitchcock, of Glenwood, Michigan, “Rack or Cabinet,” filed Apr. 29, 1909, granted Apr. 12, 1910. “My improved rack or cabinet is especially designed by me for holding the cylindrical boxes for cylindrical phonograph records, although it is adapted for holding various other articles.”

957,403: Nathaniel Baldwin, of Heber, Utah, “Telephone-Receiver,” filed July 1, 1909, granted May 10, 1910. “The object of the invention is to provide a simple, and efficient instrument of this type adapted for common battery or magneto telephone systems and for use in connection with such instruments as the telegraphone, acousticon, wireless telephone and sound amplifiers.”

958,059: Thomas Wilson Wright, of Leith, Scotland, “Album for Holding Disk Records,” filed June 12, 1908, granted May 17, 1910.

960,925: Gustav E. Hoglund, of Chicago, Illinois, Assignor to William N. Selig, of Chicago, Illinois, “Combined Synchronizing and Telephone System,” filed Mar. 5, 1910, granted June 7, 1910. Synchronization of phonograph and moving pictures.

972,397: Richmond M. McGee, of Dallas, Texas, “Automatic Street-Calling Device,” filed May 18, 1909, granted Oct. 11, 1910. “My invention relates to new and useful improvements in automatic street calling devices for street cars. Its object is to provide a phonographic street calling device applicable to an electric car which will automatically announce each street as the car approaches it.” Also displays street names visually and calls out advertisements.

972,886: Albert S. Marten, of East Orange, New Jersey, Assignor to the Tea Tray Company of Newark, N. J., a Corporation of New Jersey, “Horn-Crane,” filed Nov. 17, 1906, granted Oct. 18, 1910.

976,230: Harve R. Stuart, of Newark, New Jersey, “Telephone-Receiver,” filed June 29, 1909, granted Nov. 22, 1910. “This invention relates to telephone receivers, particularly for use in telegraphones where only feeble operating currents are available, and where clear sound reproduction is important.”

980,024: Wilbur H. Thompson, of Wheeling, West Virginia, and Harve R. Stuart, of Milwaukee, Wisconsin, “Telephone-Receiver,” filed June 11, 1909, granted Dec. 27, 1910. “This invention relates to telephone receivers, particularly for use in telegraphones, where only light operating currents are available, and where a clear sound reproduction is important.”

980,814: Walter P. Miller, of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, “Box,” filed Aug. 25, 1910, granted Jan. 3, 1911. “My invention relates to improvements in boxes, the object of the invention being to provide a box which is especially designed for holding the needles used on phonographs, graphophones and the like, and providing compartments for used and unused needles preventing any possibility of the needles becoming mixed incident to their use.”

982,062: William K. Holman, of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Assignor to William H. Isbister, William K. Holman, and Lena G. Holman, Executrix of William A. Homan, Deceased, Trading as A. J. Holman & Company, a Copartnership, of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, “Filing-Case,” executed May 4, 1909, filed May 6, 1909, granted Jan. 17, 1911. “It is obvious that my filing case is well adapted not only for the usual purpose of indexing and filing away letters and papers, but particularly for containing the disk-shaped records of talking machines, as such records, supported edgewise between the index cards, are restrained by the stop device 13 from rolling out of the filing case, and their subjects may be conveniently written on the duplicate index in the inner wall of the closing door member 6.”

984,184: Clement Beecroft, of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Assignor to the Tea Tray Company of Newark, N. J., a Corporation of New Jersey, “Horn-Crane,” filed Apr. 12, 1907, granted Feb. 14, 1911.

985,454: William W. Rosenfield, of New York, N. Y., “Motor,” filed Feb. 1, 1905, divided: filed July 24, 1907, granted Feb.28, 1911. “This invention relates to motors specially intended for driving light machines or machine elements, such as phonographs or talking machines.” Also mentions “an automatically operated phonograph…shown and described in an application filed by me August 5, 1904, Serial No. 219,599.”

988,792: Eugène Louis Amédée Lertourné, of Rouen, France, “Method and Means of Producing Synchronism Between the Rotation of a Controlling-Machine and the Rotation of One or More Electrically-Driven Machines,” filed Aug. 24, 1909, granted Apr. 4, 1911. Depicted and described as applied “to phonokinematographic synchronism, the kinematograph being in this example the dependent machine” and the phonograph being the controlling machine.

989,094: James A. Wilson, of Fulda, Minnesota, “Card-Holder,” filed May 12, 1910, granted Apr. 11, 1911. “It is the object of this invention to provide a card holder which may be stamped in a single operation, out of a thin plate of material, the construction being such that the card, although removable from the holder manually, will be held therein against accidental displacement…. The device…is adapted to be used primarily, although not exclusively, by venders of music and phonograph records, to indicate what compositions or records are in stock.”

989,207: Franz Ewald Thormeyer, of Hamburg, Germany, “Device for Controlling the Operation of Two Reproducing Apparatus,” filed July 28, 1909, granted Apr. 11, 1911. Described synchronizing talking machine and kinematograph.

989,290: Willie W. Rhame, of Summerville, and Samuel H. Nuckolls, of Charleston, South Carolina; said Nuckolls Assignor to said Rhame, “Indicating-Clock,” filed Apr. 25, 1910, granted Apr. 11, 1911. “This invention has reference to improvements in indicating clocks and is designed especially, though not necessarily, for use in railway stations for indicating the time of leaving of trains, the indication being under the control of a suitable timepiece, while at proper intervals audible announcements are made by mechanism controlled by the timepiece.” Depicted using a cylinder phonograph.

991,234: August Philipps and Oswald Philipps, of Frankfort-on-the-Main, Germany, “Musical Instrument,” filed July 26, 1909, granted May 2, 1911. Combination of player piano and gramophone “whereby both a vocal and an instrumental or two separate instrumental parts may be simultaneously produced.”

992,859: David M. Davis, of Harrison, New Jersey, “Needle or Pin Point Grinding Machine,” executed Sept. 7, 1910, filed Sept. 12, 1910, granted May 23, 1911. Goal is “to produce graphophone pins, carding pins, hat pins, and pins and needles of the various kinds.”

993,610: Fernand Emile Auguste Mathelot and Henri Georges Gentilhomme, of Paris, France, “Synchronizing Device,” filed Apr. 23, 1908, granted May 30, 1911. “This invention relates to a device adapted to secure synchronism of movement between two moving apparatus of any kind, but it is specially adapted to secure synchronism of movement between a phonograph and a kinematograph.”

993,674: Samuel Freeman, of Oakland, Maine, “Card-Holder,” filed Jan. 29, 1910, granted May 30, 1911. “The invention relates to card holders and is more particularly designed for holding index cards or slips such as used now for example, upon the front ends of trays, drawers or the like containing talking-machine records.”

999,975: Arthur C. Ferguson, of Brooklyn, New York, Assignor of Eleven-Sixteenths to Lyman C. Smith, of Syracuse, New York, “Method of Printing By Sound,” filed Jan. 21, 1903, granted Aug. 8, 1911. Supposed to use words spoken into a mouthpiece to work a typewriter. “As in sound waves rapidity as well as amplitude exists in different degrees in different sounds, so also may differences in rapidity do the work of selecting or individualizing printing members for given sounds.” Describes the word “AS” being spoken into the mouthpiece and printed. “I find in practice, that, in some measure, the manner of vocalizing the sounds to be printed can be advantageously varied. It is in accord, to some degree, with the fineness of adjustment of the apparatus employed, the more sensitive the adjustment the less difference in vocalization being required.” Can be used as a “phone typewriter” or else for “secret or code signals.”

patent-us9999751,000,637: George L. Stevenson, of Cranston, Rhode Island, Assignor to Household Cabinet Works, of Providence, Rhode Island, a Corporation of Rhode Island, “Drop-Head Cabinet,” filed Nov. 15, 1909, renewed June 15, 1911, granted Aug. 15, 1911. Described and depicted in a form “more particularly adapted for the support and reception of a phonograph of a particular style of model.”

1,001,091: Francis Alexander Thomassin, of Streatham, England, “Device for Indicating Variations in Synchronous Running of Kinematographs and Gramophones,” filed Apr. 12, 1909, granted Aug. 22, 1911.

1,003,940: George Culton, Charles Ablett, and William Edward Lightfoot, of Liverpool, England, “Speed-Regulating Device for Sound Recording and Reproducing Machines,” filed Feb. 24, 1909, granted Sept. 19, 1911. Constant linear speed on disc phonogram.

1,003,429: Henri Carbonnelle, of Uccle, Near Brussels, Belgium, “Apparatus for Transmitting Half-Tone Pictures,” filed Mar. 13, 1907, granted Sept. 19, 1911. Mostly non-phonographic, but with this provision: “the receiver of the apparatus described registers speaking at a distance on surfaces or cylinders similar to those used in the various phonographs. The transmission can be effected—1. By speaking direct in front of a microphone connected to the said receiver. 2. By using a phonographic record to which is added a microphonic contact, this system serving to follow the tracing of cylinders previously provided with record in the usual manner. 3. The transmitter station is similar to the receiver station, but the engraving point secured to the diaphragm of the receiver is placed at the transmitter by a blunt point which follows the tracing of the ordinary phonographic record-cylinders or surfaces, and the mechanical action generates magneto-electric currents.”

1,008,823: Walter Hill,of Barryville, New York, “Record-Cabinet,” filed Mar. 30, 1911, granted Nov. 14, 1911. “The primary object of the invention is the provision of a cabinet in which the records for a phonograph may be assorted for the convenient handling thereof, and that may be successively brought into proper position whereby the same may be removed from the cabinet.”

1,009,009: Albert Joseph Bachand and William Douglass Blossfield, of Providence, Rhode Island, “Fiber-Needle Cutter,” filed May 20, 1911, granted Nov. 14, 1911. “This invention has reference to an improvement in phonograph accessories, and more particularly to an improvement in fiber needle cutters for trimming or pointing fiber phonograph needles.”

1,009,141: Casper Faust, of Oshkosh, Wisconsin, “Cabinet,” filed May 12, 1911, granted Nov. 21, 1911. “My invention refers to cabinets particularly adapted to hold phonographic records either in tube or disk form, its object being to provide a simple, economical and convenient combination slidable and tiltable skeleton drawer provided with a series of holders whereby a number of such disks or cylinders can be separately stored.”

1,009,689: Auguste Pictet, of Geneva, Switzerland, “Telephone Installation,” executed Aug. 29, 1911, filed Sept. 9, 1911, granted Nov. 21, 1911. “The present invention relates to an improvement in telephone installations which consists in bringing any desired advertisement to the ears of a caller through his receiver—without interfering with the operation of the system—during the time of waiting taken to complete speaking connections with the called station…. In front of…microphones is a phonograph or other speaking machine which perpetually repeats some advertisement, for example, ‘Drink X’s Cocoa,’ or repeats this in alternation with other advertisements.”

1,009,894: Edward P. Chaney, of Moline, Illinois, “Sharpener for Talking-Machine Needles,” filed May 5, 1911, granted Nov. 28, 1911.

1,013,444: George Robbins, of Minneapolis, Minnesota, “Multicompartment Cabinet,” filed Oct. 7, 1911, granted Jan. 2, 1912. “A cabinet of the character above described may be used for a great many different purposes, a few of which may be mentioned as follows:—for holding phonograph disks or records, for holding individual account books, files, and various records.”

1,014,235: Georges Laudet and Leon Gaumont, of Paris, France, Assignors to Société des Etablissements Gaumont, of Paris, France, “Energy-Relay,” filed July 2, 1910, granted Jan. 9, 1912. “The device is especially adapted to amplifying the sounds produced by phonographs, graphophones, telephone instruments and the like.”

1,016,218: Raymond S. Devney, of Glasgow, Kentucky, “Churn,” filed Apr. 3, 1911, granted Jan. 30, 1912. A rotating butter churn, but: “Since the churn receptacle is rotated bodily, the cover may be utilized as a support for the graphophone disk” and a reproducer and horn furnished for playing it.

patent-us10162181,016,247: Isaac Francis Burton, of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Assignor to Victor Talking Machine Company, a Corporation of New Jersey, “Filing-Cabinet,” executed Jan. 6, 1911, filed Jan. 9, 1911, granted Feb. 6, 1912. “The main objects of this invention are to provide a simple, durable and convenient cabinet for holding talking machine records and particularly disk records of various sizes; to provide in a filing cabinet a plurality of movable receptacles for talking machine records; to provide in a comparatively large filing cabinet improved mechanism for utilizing substantially the entire interior of the cabinet for the storage of records; and to provide other improvements as will appear hereinafter.”

1,022,656: Henry C. C. Brunt, of Collingswood, New Jersey, Assignor to Victor Talking Machine Company, a Corporation of New Jersey, “Friction-Brake,” executed Apr. 3, 1908, filed Apr. 15, 1908, granted Apr. 9, 1912. “My invention relates to improvements in friction brakes in general, and more specifically to friction brakes used in connection with talking machines.”

1,023,820: Wilburn N. Dennison, of Merchantville, New Jersey, Assignor to Victor Talking Machine Company, a Corporation of New Jersey, “Air-Compressor,” executed Jan. 30, 1907, filed Feb. 12, 1907, Sgranted Apr. 23, 1912. Stated goal is noiselessness; presumably Victor obtained the patent for use in the Auxetophone.

1,023,846: Cecil Milton Hepworth, of London, England, “Apparatus for Use in Synchronously Operating Combined Kinematographs and Sound-Production Apparatus,” filed June 23, 1909, granted Apr. 23, 1912. “This invention relates to apparatus for use in synchronously operating combined kinematographs and sound production apparatus such as gramophones or the like.” Uses a gramophone disc with a mark on the outer rim to show where to start.

1,027,248: Jules Greenbaum, of Berlin, Germany, assignor to Raleigh & Robert, of Paris, France, a Firm, “Film and Method of Synchronizing the Operation of Kinematographs and Talking-Machines,” filed Jan. 27, 1909, granted May 21, 1912. A “clock” with rotating hands is projected simultaneously on the screen (in the corner of the main image) by the kinematograph and by a device linked to the gramophone so that any discrepancy between the two is immediately apparent.

patent-us10272481,027,658: Orlando E. Kellum, of Los Angeles, California, “Talking Moving-Picture Mechanism,” executed June 21, 1911, filed June 28, 1911, renewed Apr. 16, 1912, granted May 28, 1912. “This invention relates to a combination of a sound reproducing machine and a kinetograph, and particularly to the means and mechanism for inter-connecting or combining the two machines in order to cause them to move synchronously.” Uses gramophone disc.

1,027,702: Nelson C. Durand, of Newark, New Jersey, Assignor, by Mesne Assignments, to Thomas A. Edison, Incorporated, of West Orange, New Jersey, a Corporation of New Jersey, “Controlling Device,” executed July 13, 1910, filed July 16, 1910, granted May 28, 1912. “My invention relates to devices for controlling the starting and stopping of mechanism, particularly phonographs.” Uses a foot pedal as an aid to transcribing phonographic dictation.

1,029,965: Jonas W. Aylsworth, of East Orange, New Jersey, Assignor, by Mesne Assignments, to Thomas A. Edison, Incorporated, of West Orange, New Jersey, a Corporation of New Jersey, “Process of Electroplating,” executed Nov. 9, 1910, filed Nov. 15, 1910, granted June 18, 1912. “My invention relates to a process of electroplating objects in an electroplating bath, particularly to electroplating sound record molds or other objects having delicate molded surfaces.”

1,030,045: Edward L. Aiken, of East Orange, New Jersey, Assignor, by Mesne Assignemnts, to Thomas A. Edison, Incorporated, of West Orange, New Jersey, a Corporation of New Jersey, “Contact Device,” filed July 16, 1904, divided: executed Apr. 2, 1909, filed Apr. 5, 1909, granted June 18, 1912. “The contact devices of this and the parent application [‘a coin or check controlled device’] were designed with special reference for use in coin controlled devices operated by electric motors, such as phonographs.” Described and depicted in connection with a coin-actuated phonograph. 

1,030,376: Alfred Baecker, of Detroit, Michigan, “Record-Holding Cabinet,” filed Nov. 5, 1910, granted June 25, 1912. For cylinders.

1,030,926: Franz Seelau, of Berlin, Germany, “Combined Clock and Talking-Machine,” filed July 1, 1909, granted July 2, 1912.

1,031,315: Aristomenes D. Adamopoulos, of Springfield, Massachusetts, “Talking-Picture Machine,” filed Jan. 2, 1912, granted July 2, 1912. “This invention relates to improvements in manually operated moving picture machines placed, as is customary, in an elevated position at the rear of an auditorium, and means for concurrently automatically and mechanically controlling a sound reproducing or talking machine at the rear of the customary white curtain which is placed in view of the audience.” Special provision made for skipping ahead in phonogram if part of the film has been cut out.

1,031,339: Daniel Higham, of East Orange, New Jersey, “Mechanism for Driving at Uniform Speeds,” executed June 12, 1908, filed June 13, 1908, granted July 2, 1912. “My invention relates to driving mechanism for apparatus which requires to be operated at uniform or regular speed, as for instance, talking machines, and moving picture machines operated in connection with talking machines”; described and depicted as applied to that combination.

1,033,418: John J. Kime, of Kendallville, Indiana, “Prime Mover,” filed Apr. 30, 1912, granted July 23, 1912. Only use scenario provided is “driving a turn table for a talking machine.”

1,033,608: Peter J. Mukautz, of Kansas City, Missouri, “Vitascope,” filed Aug. 3, 1910, granted July 23, 1912. “This invention relates to biographs, vitascopes or similar apparatus for the purpose of projecting moving pictures upon a screen. It may be used either alone, as a vitascope, or in connection with a phonograph. The apparatus is intended to be used in connection with a phonograph, the arrangement being such that both instruments move in unison, so that persons may be represented upon a screen in an act or in conversation, the words for the lines which the actors are supposed to say being supplied by the phonograph at the appropriate time.” Described and depicted in connection with a gramophone.

1,033,999: Nelson C. Durand, of East Orange, New Jersey, Assignor, by Mesne Assignments, to Thomas A. Edison, Incorporated, of West Orange, New Jersey, a Corporation of New Jersey, “Dictation Memorandum-Sheet,” executed June 27, 1907, filed June 28, 1907, granted July 30, 1912. “My invention relates to memorandum sheets adapted for use in connection with commercial talking machines of the type wherein the position of the recorder or reproducer with respect to the blank or record is indicated by means of a scale and pointer (see patent to Weber and Hibbard, No. 772,485, dated October 18, 1904) and my object is to provide a memorandum sheet by which convenient and comprehensible instructions may be given to the transcriber as to the condition of the dictated work.”

1,035,641: George Robbins, of Minneapolis, Minnesota, “Multicompartment Cabinet,” filed June 10, 1912, granted Aug. 13, 1912. “These so-called multicompartment cabinets are serviceable for a great many different purposes. They are especially useful in the filing of phonograph records, but are also useful in filing various kinds of records and other articles which it is desirable to keep in order.” A “prior co-pending application S. N. 673,440, filed January 25th, 1912” also deals with this issue. Described and depicted as applied specifically to gramophone discs.

1,038,910: Robert von Lieben and Eugen Reisz, of Vienna, Austria-Hungary, Assignors of One-Third to Siegmund Strauss, of Vienna, Austria-Hungary, “Relay for Undulatory Currents,” filed Jan. 30, 1911, granted Sept. 17, 1912. “The above described relay for undulating currents can be employed for strengthening sound, as a relay in overhead wire and cable telephony in short and long distance communication, also in wireless telegraphy and telephony, as an auxiliary apparatus for the telegraphone and as a cell sensitive to light for the electric transmission of pictures, etc.”

1,040,271: Towy J. Bounimovitsch, of Wilna, Russia, “Winding Mechanism for Spring-Motors,” filed June 27, 1911, granted Oct. 8, 1912. “The present invention relates to improvements in winding devices for spring motors and particularly to winding devices which are adapted for use in talking machines in which an electric motor serves to wind the spring motor and is automatically switched off on a given tension of the spring being reached and refers particularly to a simple constructional form of the parts serving for said switching off operation.”

1,042,042: Abner M. Seeley and Nelson C. Durand, of Newark, New Jersey, Assignors, by Mesne Assignments, to Thomas A. Edison, Incorporated, of West Orange, New Jersey, a Corporation of New Jersey, “Carton,” executed Oct. 13, 1910, filed Oct. 20, 1910, granted Oct. 22, 1912. “Our invention relates to cartons, and particularly to those designed for holding records or blanks such as are employed for receiving letters and the like dictated to the phonograph.”

patent-us10420421,042,660: James M. Evans, of Westport, Connecticut, “Motor for Phonographs and Other Purposes,” filed Mar. 3, 1911, renewed Mar. 13, 1912, granted Oct. 29, 1912.

1,044,529: Frank E. Housh, of Winthrop, Massachusetts, “Wallet,” executed May 29, 1912. filed June 5, 1912, granted Nov. 19, 1912. “My invention is a wallet designed to receive disk-phonograph records, photographic slides or plates, or other articles which it is desired to store in orderly and portable fashion and to present its receptacles for reception or selection of articles in vertical position.”

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2 thoughts on “Two Hundred Forgotten U. S. Phonograph Patents (1878-1912)

  1. Dr. Feaster : Another great post on your site, and an enjoyable read. The patents you pointed out were indeed amusing, and I found some favorites of my own, especially the talking mannequin (930, 342), the talking liquid-vending machine (713, 019) , and the absurd “amusement device” (853, 898) to be heard and seen while on a circular track (my personal favorite). Interesting how many devices tried and failed to synchronize the phonograph and moving pictures.

  2. Pingback: My Fiftieth Griffonage-Dot-Com Blog Post | Griffonage-Dot-Com

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